For humans, understanding a natural language sentence or discourse is so effortless that we hardly ever think about it. For machines, however, the task of interpreting natural language, especially grasping meaning beyond the literal content, has proven extremely difficult and requires a large amount of background knowledge.

The book Ontology-based interpretation of natural language presents an approach to the interpretation of natural language with respect to specific domain knowledge captured in ontologies. It puts ontologies at the center of the interpretation process, meaning that ontologies not only provide a formalization of domain knowlegde necessary for interpretation but also support and guide the construction of meaning representations.